Tree dating at jamestown va
He joined volunteers in France who were fighting for Dutch independence from Spain.
Two years later, he set off for the Mediterranean Sea as a sailor on a merchant ship.
After arriving at Jamestown in the spring of 1607, the 104 original English colonists were amazed by the country's natural abundance.
Mussels and oysters "lay on the ground as thicke as stones," George Percy wrote in an account published in 1625; "wee opened some, and found in many of them Pearles." Yet survival in Virginia proved to be difficult.
At the same time, Virginia was mired in a terrible drought.
Tree-ring studies conducted by scientists from the University of Arkansas, who examined a bald cypress near Jamestown, discovered that the colonists arrived at the beginning of a seven-year drought (1606–1612), the driest period in 770 years.
But the residents of Tsenacomoco were feeling the drought no less than the English, and could scarcely afford these unexpected demands on their food supply.
With the coming of winter in 1608 and with Captain John Smith now president, the Indians largely refused to trade.
Born in 1580 in Willoughby, England, Smith left home at age 16 after his father died.
Moreover, conditions were particularly severe near Jamestown, an ecological zone (oligohaline) where the exchange between fresh and salt water is minimal.
While the drought made conditions particularly unfavorable, the colonists—mostly military men and skilled laborers—showed no inclination or ability to hunt, fish, or farm, instead relying on overseas shipments or food that they could bargain, or often outright steal, from the Indians.
Smith also led the first English explorations of the Chesapeake Bay and was almost killed by a ray on the first of the two expeditions.
Smith’s strong leadership helped the colony survive and grow but also made him enemies within the fort.